This is the first of a series providing resources for childcare research. These blogs are intended for use by those wanting to navigate the evidence base for childcare policy. They point to where research is available, rather than summarising it. Topic #1 is childcare in London.
Childcare in London
I explored the challenges of childcare in London back in 2017 for the Institute for Policy Policy Research (IPPR). So the first bit of recommended reading on my list is that research. But if you’re looking to go straight to the source, my recommendations follow.
To best understand the childcare market in London, try this 2018 report from Greater London Authority (GLA) Economics looking at the demand for childcare in London. There is also lots of rich information about childcare in London in the GLA’s baseline report, published to launch their spring 2018 consultation on early years. For a broad but more outdated analysis, the now-defunct London Development Agency did a good piece of research in 2011. This presentation (second link down) by Eva Lloyd, one of the report’s authors, gives a nice summary.
Money money money
To understand childcare funding, take a look at the Family and Childcare Trust’s analysis of childcare and early education funding in London (2018, funded by the GLA)….Then get sad with this assessment of the impact of Local Government spending cuts in London (2014), and a linked piece of work on the impact on three deprived neighbours of London.
On the costs of childcare, I’d recommend the Family and Childcare Trust’s Childcare Survey, which compares inner and outer London to other UK regions . If you’re looking for detail within London, their specific London childcare report is for you….but the latest data is from 2014. The London Assembly’s 2012 report on Tackling childcare affordability in London is also useful here.
For costs associated with children rather than just on childcare, look to the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) and Trust for London’s research on the financial cost of having children in London (2015).
The entitlement to free childcare
On the free entitlement to childcare in London, two surveys have recently been undertaken to understand how providers are responding to Government policy changes. 4 in 10, a campaign group fighting against poverty in London, commissioned a survey of childcare settings in London, At what cost?: The ‘free’ 30 hours childcare promise in London (2017). Other than the extension to the free entitlement, the other big change to affect childcare in London is the introduction by the Mayor of early years hubs in three boroughs.
On parental employment in London, there is CPAG and NPI’s trends analysis (2015) and GLA Economics on Women in London’s economy (2010). For solutions, try CPAG’s Childcare and maternal employment in London: what can local authorities do? (2013) and Inclusion’s report on Driving up part-time employment in London (2012). Note if you’re interested in this area: they’ll be a blog on the interactions between parental employment and childcare coming up soon.
That’s it! Comments welcome, particularly for things I’ve missed.